Saturday, July 9, 2016

Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) - Metopidius indicus

Bengali Name : Jolpipi (জলপিপি), Dolpipi (দলপিপি).
Common Name : Bronze-winged jacana.
Binomial/Scientific Name : Metopidius indicus
Family : Jacanidae (jacana family)
Photo Taken : Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ)

Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) was a common bird in Bangladesh around the wetlands. Once upon a time we had plenty of these birds. But this days the counts are decreasing. With the increasing of our population the amount of wetland in Bangladesh is decreasing. That's why this bird is not getting an adequate amount of breeding space, hence decreasing.

A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).

In Bangladesh we call this bird as Jolpipi (জলপিপি) or Dolpipi (দলপিপি). But I like the name Jolpipi (জলপিপি) monst. The call of the bird is pi-pi-pi-pi-pi that's why in Bengali we call this bird as Jolpipi (জলপিপি). The English name is Bronze-winged jacana for the beautiful bronze colored wings. Binomial name of the bird is Metopidius indicus (it is the only member of the genus Metopidius) and belongs to the family Jacanidae. This bird is native to South Asia and Southeast Asia.

A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) foraging over waterlily leaf.

Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) are a small domestic hen sized bird (actually much smaller one) with very long feet and long claw. Male and female are similar where females are slightly larger than the males. The main color of the bird is dark black (front, neck, lower part) with a beautiful long white stripe at eyes (or behind eyes). The wings are bronze in color (or you can say brown). Near the tail the bird has reddish (or maroon) in color.

Dark reddish portion of the bird is visible.

Dark reddish portion of the bird is visible.

This bird has a yellowish beak which is slight coated as red at upper portion. Long feet are yellowish (or grey in color). For the juvenile bird the neck and upper portion is reddish brown in color and the lower portion is white. It also has a thick white stripe at the both side of the head. Wings are brownish in color. Juveniles do not have any red coat at beak.

This bird mainly forage around the wetland. Using their big claw it can easily move over the floating lives and plants easily. Main diets of the bird are insects, earthworms, snails, etc. I have seen them picking the snails from the waterlily leafs. A normal sized waterlily leaf is enough to hold this bird's weight. Even if the leaf gets drowning under water the bird quickly move into another one. It was a lovely scene to watch, specially the juvenile's movement.

A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).

The female Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) bird has an interesting feature. She uses to maintain a group of males on her territory. She lays a clutch of eggs and then assign a male to take care of it. She doesn't take part for the incubation, instead she lays another clutch of eggs into another different area and assign another male. With such idea a female can lay 4-6 times during a breeding season.

A pair of Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি) foraging around water hyacinths.

A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).

A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).

A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).

A juvenile Bronze-winged jacana (জলপিপি).

Photos of this article were taken from the following locations:
 1) November 2014: Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh.
 2) February 2015: Rupganj, Narayanganj, Bangladesh (রূপগঞ্জ, নারায়ণগঞ্জ, বাংলাদেশ).
 3) September 2015: Kolkata Botanic Garden, India.

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

Friday, July 8, 2016

Dublin: Famine Memorial

Sunday, 24 April 2016

Ireland has suffered a massive famine during 1845-1852 that is known as 'Great Famine' or 'Great Hunger'. It is the largest famine of all time in the history of Ireland. That mainly happened due to the blight of the Potato. It was a cheap crop in Ireland that time and most of the population relied on that. Due to that famine around a million of people suffered to death, and around a million of people had forced to migrate into other countries (i.e. USA, Australia, Canada, etc).

That death and migration was the 25% of the whole population of the country. Even after so many years after that famine, this country couldn't recover that massive population fall. In current date the whole island of Ireland has around 6.3 millions of population (whereas only Republic of Ireland has around 4 million). But that famine led to the independence of Ireland in next century. And by this time this country is one of the world's developed country.

To commemorate the Great Famine lot of monuments and statues have been introduced in several places in several countries. Ireland itself has few, and this Famine Memorial is one of those. It was introduced during 1997. It comprises several small statues in a group that depicts the picture of that time. From my observation it seemed like they are migrating from one place to another. These statues are built by the famous Irish sculptor Rowan Gillespie.

This small memorial is located beside the river Liffey. You can have a walk for several minutes from the City Center (O'connel street). From City Center it will be at the left hand side of the river. GPS coordinate of the memorial is (53.348043, -6.250075). There are several park style bench available where you can have a afternoon sitting. If you have an hour of free time in Dublin then don't hesitate to spend that there!

Famine Memorial in google map.

Famine Memorial,
County: Dublin,
Country: Ireland,
GPS coordinate (53.348043, -6.250075)

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

Wednesday, July 6, 2016

Onion flower (পেঁয়াজ ফুল) - Allium cepa

Bengali Name : Peyaj ful (পেয়াজ/পেঁয়াজ ফুল).
Common Name : Onion, Bulb onion, Common Onion.
Botanical Name : Allium cepa
Family : Amaryllidaceae
Photo Taken : Bangladesh

Today I am going to write about a different flower. It is different because more or less we know about this, but hardly anyone has seen the flower! I am talking about the Onion flower today. Onion is a very important spice almost in every culture and region. And in Bangladesh it is a must spice (except during some special religious festival). We do not need to grow this in town, we can obtain this onion from any groceries or supermarkets. That's why similar to many other native vegetables we didn't see the flowers of them.

In Bangladesh we call Onion as Peyaj (পেঁয়াজ). In our country we may have different dialects for this, but the root of all those is that one, Peyaj (পেঁয়াজ). In English it may have some other names like Bulb onion or Common Onion, but at the end it simply Onion. Binomial name is Allium cepa (hopefully now you can remember the name from your school's biology book). It belongs to the plant family Amaryllidaceae. [In Bangladesh the Rain Lily is also known as Peyaj ful that belongs to the same plant family]

Onion is a bulbous herbaceous plant. This is a biennial plant (grows in two years). But for cultivation purpose we grow it as annual. The plant is bulbous at the bottom (that we use as onion). The roots are just below the bulb of the plant. Leafs are long, slim, and having hollow inside. The plant can grow at maximum 18 inches in height. The whole plant is having a nice smell when squeezed.

The flowers of Onion bloom as a cluster. Flower comes at the second year (that's why biennial). As we only cultivate this commercially that's why we don't see the flowers often. Small flowers are showy and having whitish color. Cluster appears atop of the long stalk (that is also hollow). The stalk can be up to 2 feet in height.

We use to cultivate the Onion in a large scale in some part of Bangladesh. In Bangladesh it is known as a winter crop. We mostly use the bulb (onion) as a spice. But during the season the leafs of the onion are available at market (known as spring onion). In Bangladesh people mainly use the spring onions in non cooked dishes (i.e. salad, smashed vegetables, etc).

Apart from vegetable uses, Onions have lot of other uses. It has remedy for flu and cold. Also it can be used as a material during beatification. Onion can be used against hair falling and to cure scalp problems. More can be found from wikipedia.

Photos of this article were taken from the following location:
 1) January 2015: Munsiganj, Bangladesh (মুন্সিগঞ্জ, বাংলাদেশ).

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog